In 2001, Congress required states and territories to submit a state wildlife action plan (or state comprehensive wildlife conservation strategy) to qualify for State Wildlife Grant Program (SWG) funds. Plans must have the following eight common elements:
- Information on the distribution and abundance of wildlife, including low and declining populations, that describes the diversity and health of the state’s wildlife.
- Descriptions of locations and relative conditions of habitats essential to species in need of conservation.
- Descriptions of problems that may adversely affect species or their habitats, and priority research and survey efforts.
- Descriptions of conservation actions proposed to conserve the identified species and habitats.
- Plans for monitoring species and habitats, and plans for monitoring the effectiveness of the conservation actions and for adapting these conservation actions to respond to new information.
- Descriptions of procedures to review the plan at intervals not to exceed ten years.
- Coordination with federal, state, and local agencies and Indian tribes in developing and implementing the wildlife action plan.
- Broad public participation in developing and implementing the wildlife action plan.